Approximation algorithms

Streaming Bayesian inference: Theoretical limits and mini-batch approximate message-passing

In statistical learning for real-world large-scale data problems, one must often resort to “streaming” algorithms which operate sequentially on small batches of data. In this work, we present an analysis of the information-theoretic limits of …

Decoding from pooled data: Phase transitions of message passing

We consider the problem of decoding a discrete signal of categorical variables from the observation of several histograms of pooled subsets of it. We present an Approximate Message Passing (AMP) algorithm for recovering the signal in the random dense …

Statistical and computational phase transitions in spiked tensor estimation

We consider tensor factorizations using a generative model and a Bayesian approach. We compute rigorously the mutual information, the Minimal Mean Square Error (MMSE), and unveil information-theoretic phase transitions. In addition, we study the …

Phase transitions and optimal algorithms in high-dimensional Gaussian mixture clustering

We consider the problem of Gaussian mixture clustering in the high-dimensional limit where the data consists of m points in n dimensions, n,m → ∞ and α = m/n stays finite. Using exact but non-rigorous methods from statistical physics, we determine …

Clustering from sparse pairwise measurements

We consider the problem of grouping items into clusters based on few random pairwise comparisons between the items. We introduce three closely related algorithms for this task: a belief propagation algorithm approximating the Bayes optimal solution, …

Phase transitions in sparse PCA

We study optimal estimation for sparse principal component analysis when the number of non-zero elements is small but on the same order as the dimension of the data. We employ approximate message passing (AMP) algorithm and its state evolution to …

Phase recovery from a Bayesian point of view: The variational approach

In this paper, we consider the phase recovery problem, where a complex signal vector has to be estimated from the knowledge of the modulus of its linear projections, from a naive variational Bayesian point of view. In particular, we derive an …

Compressed sensing of approximately-sparse signals: Phase transitions and optimal reconstruction

Compressed sensing is designed to measure sparse signals directly in a compressed form. However, most signals of interest are only “approximately sparse”, i.e. even though the signal contains only a small fraction of relevant (large) components the …